Because several of the most common sexually transmitted viruses have few or no signs or symptoms, it is more accurate to refer to them as infections than diseases. In addition, the use of STIs instead of STDs reflects the reality that not all sexually transmitted infections become diseases. Considering the frequency of occurrence of STIs and STDs, awareness is essential for your sexual health. Part of this awareness comes from knowing the difference between the different types of sexual diseases.
The first difference between STDs and STIs is in the name. STD stands for sexually transmitted disease, while STI stands for sexually transmitted infection. Basically, the difference is between a disease and an infection. Another reason for the appearance of the term STI is due to stigma.
Terms such as venereal disease and sexually transmitted disease have been around for so long that they have a bad connotation. Of course, STDs and STIs aren't really interchangeable. However, even doctors use STIs instead of STDs. Sometimes, stigma can be as damaging as an illness.
Another important difference between STDs and STIs is the way they occur. Because an STI is the most advanced stage of an STI, you may have some symptoms. However, in the case of an STI, many carriers show no signs of being infected. Getting tested is the only way to know if you have an STI or an STI.
Unfortunately, many people still forget to get tested regularly after sexual activity. This is often due to stigma. Some medical professionals hope that using less stigmatized terms will encourage more people to get tested. It's vital that people feel comfortable and safe, get tested, and prevent the spread of the disease.
Now that you know the difference between an STI and an STI, you can gain knowledge. Awareness is one of the best ways to protect yourself from contracting diseases. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are transmitted through sexual contact with someone who has an STD. STDs are mainly transmitted through vaginal, anal, or oral sex and through genital contact.
Every year, there are about 19 million new sexually transmitted infections in the United States. There are more than 20 types of STDs. STDs can be caused by bacteria, parasites, or viruses. An STI infection may show a variety of signs or show no signs.
Sometimes, people have an STD and they don't know it. The only way to know if you have an STI is through a medical exam and a test done by your healthcare provider. For this reason, you'll find that most places that offer sexual health information and confidential STI testing are still using the traditional term. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding and have an STD, you should talk to your healthcare provider about the risk of transmitting the STI to your baby.
The Dr. Hunter Handsfield, professor emeritus of medicine at the Center for AIDS and STDs at the University of Washington, explains to Health. While there is technically a difference between a disease and an infection, it doesn't matter if you get an STI or an STI; that shouldn't change the tests, treatment, or other steps you take to protect yourself and your sexual partners. In fact, for people without insurance, these low-cost health clinics are one of the only places where rapid testing for STDs is done.
If you're an STI or an STD, you'll need to continue taking the same steps to protect yourself and your partner, such as having an open conversation about your sexual history, using condoms, and getting tested for STIs regularly. Even if STIs are more accurate and not everyone agrees that this is the case, the general public is already familiar with the term STD. Even if you don't have symptoms, contact a nearby urgent care clinic and ask if they offer lab services, such as same-day testing for STDs. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) uses STDs and STIs interchangeably, noting that STDs are also known as STIs.