Some STDs, such as HIV, chlamydia, and gonorrhea, are transmitted through sexual fluids, such as semen. Other STDs, such as HIV and hepatitis B, are also transmitted through the blood. Genital herpes, syphilis, and human papillomavirus (HPV) are most commonly transmitted through skin-to-skin genital contact. Human papillomavirus (HPV), herpes, and syphilis are spread through skin-to-skin contact.
There are methods you can use to reduce the risk of transmission, but these sexually transmitted infections are more difficult to prevent than those transmitted through blood or body fluids. STIs that are transmitted through skin-to-skin contact include oral and genital herpes, HPV, and syphilis. Skin-to-skin contact occurs when an infected area of a person's skin (for example, the genitals of a person with the human papillomavirus or HPV) comes into direct contact with a mucous membrane or injury on the body of an uninfected person. For example, if a skin cell that is being shed by HPV touched the hand of an uninfected person without cuts or scratches, the HPV virus would have no route of transmission, since the hand is not a mucous membrane and does not have any open lesions.
However, suppose that the infected skin cell that is breaking off came into contact with the mouth of an uninfected person (or with any other mucous membrane or lesion in the body), transmission would be possible in that case. Any skin-to-skin contact (dry hump), the only way to prevent them is to avoid any sexual contact or have sexual contact only if you are in a mutually monogamous relationship (you both know you don't have an STD and you and your partner only have sexual contact with each other). If STDs are sexually transmitted diseases, it makes sense to think that you can't get them if you don't have real sex. We can provide you with more information about STDs, test and treat you for gonorrhea and chlamydia, and also refer you to other medical providers who can test for other STDs.
Unfortunately, it's possible to get an STD even if you don't have sex and even if you don't exchange body fluids with another person, as some STDs can be transmitted simply by skin-to-skin contact. Or maybe you've been tested and don't have an STI and you want to make sure you do everything you can to keep it that way. If you've already been diagnosed with one of these STDs, there's hopeful news: some of these STDs can often be treated with the right medications. We know that it can be scary and overwhelming to think that you can get an STD even if you choose not to have sex.
Maybe you've been recently diagnosed with an STD and you're wondering how the hell you got it if you haven't even had sex or if you've only had protected sex or if you've been in what you thought was a monogamous relationship.